Asthma is a disease described by the swelling of the walls of the airways in the lungs due to some factors, and therefore the narrowing of these airways. It is believed that asthma is caused by a mixture of hereditary and environmental factors.
Inside the lungs, there are airways consisting of flexible tissues that branch out just like a tree. The airways are bandaged with november bands.
As these airways travel through the lung, they divide and narrow.
The smallest airways at the very end end in clusters of small balloon-like air sacs (alveoli). These clusters are surrounded by blood vessels. When you breathe, air enters the lungs. It travels through the airways until it reaches the air sacs.
When we exhale, the air moves out of the airways and lungs. The airways produce mucus that traps particles in the breath we take. Normally, mucus is expelled from the lungs by small hairs in the airways.
In asthma, the walls of these airways thicken, the muscles around november contract, and excessive mucus production occurs, so it becomes difficult for a person to breathe.
It is the most common chronic (ongoing) disease in children. It is characterized by reversible narrowing of the airways located in the lungs, an inflammatory reaction in the inner part of the airways and increased airway sensitivity to various stimuli (a kind of allergy). It leads to periodic or periodic coughing and wheezing, which causes sudden or severe difficulty breathing.
Some asthma attacks can be life-threatening.
Although it may improve as children grow up and completely pass by the time they become adults, severe cases of asthma can cause lung function to weaken in later years. In general, there is an allergic cause that often provokes an attack of narrowing of the breath.
These household allergens (dust, mold, pet, fur-skins, house dust mites and insects), cigarette smoke, and physical activity (especially in cold weather sports), upper respiratory tract infections, certain foods (eggs, nuts, shellfish, etc.) and there may be some medications.
Your doctor may prescribe a number of allergy tests and respiratory function tests for your child to be able to diagnose and arrange treatment.
If your child has asthma, he should definitely be under the control of a doctor.
If it is due to an allergic cause, you should definitely keep it away from that cause. It should not be exposed to dust and especially cigarette smoke. If it depends on the medications, alternative medications can be used at the doctor’s suggestion. In order for you to intervene during a crisis, your doctor may create a treatment plan that includes a breathalyzer and vapor delivery devices.