Brain development in the womb is paralleled by body health and development as an important part of the body, despite the fact that the human brain is an isolated organ inside the skull. For this reason, we can safely say that there is no method, drug, or nutrient that alone can improve a child’s brain development, whether in the womb or after birth. Otherwise, we would have encountered very different levels of brain structures in humans in terms of size and development. However, except for individual differences and exceptional cases in society, people’s brain structures and development have a general similarity. A healthy lifestyle, good care, adequate education, increasing individual experiences complement the child’s brain development by increasing a person’s knowledge and equipment with the help of environmental factors. This, in turn, determines the status of the individual in society. Intelligence, on the other hand, can be significantly improved in different areas by being influenced by a person’s tendencies and expectations in relation to all of these things. That is, there is no single type of intelligence. It is possible to mention, for example, musical intelligence, mathematical intelligence or social intelligence, as well as such genres. It is important to remember that intelligence alone needs a healthy brain structure and development in order for it to manifest itself and arise. In order for the brain to complete its own healthy development, it must be structurally, physiologically and functionally protected and well-nourished both in the literal and figurative sense.
The biggest desire of every prospective parent is undoubtedly that their baby will be born healthy. On the one hand, it is also on the mind, “Can I help that my baby is smart? Do I need to follow a special diet during pregnancy?” that becomes the indispensable question whether or not he wants to. Prospective parents who are trying to find out the answers to these questions consult their doctors and try to apply them to many information that is true-false, scientifically proven-unproven by going to the research path from the Internet. Diets that are done unconsciously during pregnancy can sometimes lead to great dangers. So, “what are the factors affecting the baby’s intelligence during pregnancy?” and “in order for the baby to be intelligent, how should he be fed during pregnancy, what should be paid attention to?”
Intelligence is a mental capacity that includes many functions, such as understanding the relationship between abstract or concrete objects, reasoning, problem solving, deciphering complex ideas, and learning quickly. Since there are many factors that affect the development of intelligence, the development of intelligence of the baby in the womb cannot be explained only by nutrition, only genetic or only environmental factors.
Genetic factors are determined by the fact that genes from the mother and father are passed on to the child by a random combination. Metabolic and hereditary diseases, especially those that occur in inbreeding, can adversely affect the baby’s brain and nervous system. Such diseases are high in societies where inbreeding is high.
Proper nutrition is important during pregnancy. Malnutrition during pregnancy, especially with a lack of vitamins A, D, E , B6, B12, folic acid, omega 3, iron, copper, zinc, selenium, iodine in the diet, learning difficulties, late speech, behavioral problems, motor function delay and low intelligence may occur in the baby. Iron deficiency or a lack of certain vitamins can play a role in this. Anemia in the mother can be easily detected by a number of tests performed at the beginning of pregnancy and the treatment path is taken. Iron-containing foods are also used as preservatives; it is recommended to include foods such as meat, egg yolks, grape molasses in the diet.
Zinc is another important substance involved in mental development and is abundant in foods such as seafood, meat, liver, nuts, walnuts, milk and eggs.
B vitamins are important for brain development. In particular, folic acid is important for the development of the brain and nervous system, and its deficiency is one of the most common vitamins. Most of the nutrients are found in green leafy plants such as lettuce and spinach, liver, kidneys and meat yesil
A substance that has an important place on brain development is Hexaenoic Acid in the tissue that we call DHA. DHA can be taken from fish. It is recommended to consume fish twice a week. Foods that contain omega-3 fatty acid precursors other than fish oil are walnuts, almonds, hemp and soybean oil.
It is important for pregnant women to stay away from toxins. It should stay away from foods such as tuna, which contains especially high amounts of mercury. Heavy metal levels such as mercury, lead, cadmium, toluene rise in the blood of pregnant women exposed to toxic substances, especially eating fish living in deep waters (tuna, salmon, swordfish, etc.), and toxic effects occur on the fetal brain. In addition, this risk is also high in pregnant women living in areas where air pollution is excessive and exhaust smoke is excessive. Mental retardation, behavioral problems and a predisposition to autism increase.
The negative effects of alcohol and smoking on the development of intelligence of the developing baby are known. In women who smoke, the blood supply to the baby’s body and brain decreases, destruction of brain cells occurs. Alcohol directly destroys cells in the baby’s brain cells, and attention deficit, behavioral disorder, inability to establish a cause-and-effect relationship, motor dysfunction may occur. With excessive alcohol intake, mental retardation occurs due to the small size of the skull. Mental retardation, small head, behavioral disorders, socialization problems occur in pregnant women with substance abuse.
Stress negatively affects the baby in the womb. In mothers in extreme distress and stress, the level of the hormone cortisone in the blood rises and can affect brain development in the baby. It is thought to be related to conditions such as lack of attention, low language skills, anxiety and depressive disorder, hyperactivity disorder in children after childbirth, and it becomes important for the mother to stay away from stress and for the baby in the womb to be healthy in later life.
Infections such as rubella, toxoplasma, CMV, herpes type 2 in pregnancy can lead to brain damage, vision problems, hearing loss, epilepsy and mental retardation in the fetus. If the mother gains excess weight during pregnancy, the baby may also be overweight, as well as there is a risk of low birth weight. If the baby is large, there may be difficulty in childbirth and brain damage. With insufficient weight gain, developmental retardation and low intelligence may occur in the baby. During pregnancy, it is recommended that the mother not gain weight above 13 kg