Growth retardation is a term used for infants and children who cannot achieve standard and age-appropriate growth (height, weight, head circumference). It is a finding that indicates an underlying disease rather than a diagnosis or disease.
There is an influence of medical and environmental factors. If the child does not receive enough nutrients to grow and develop, or if he is sick and cannot digest what he is eating, growth retardation may also occur. This condition can also be caused by not eating enough breast milk or ready-made formula, or having difficulty feeding.
A digestive problem, malabsorption (a disease caus
ed by insufficient processing of nutrients taken in the stomach and intestines), cystic fibrosis (a disease accompanied by reduced secretion), diabetes and heart diseases can also be caused. Another reason is emotional withdrawal, depression and stress. They lead to a decrease in appetite.
Shortness of height can also be related to nutrition. But more often it is caused by genetics. If the parents have a height length below the average, these children also have a delay in their growth in terms of height. But over time, this will improve. More rare causes of short stature are growth hormone deficiency,
insufficient thyroid function (hypothyroidism), celiac disease (a type of food allergy), Down syndrome, and long-term kidney disorders.
In order to detect growth-development retardation in your child; You should monitor the growth of your child as your doctor does in regular check-ups. Although a small weight loss is observed in infants immediately after birth, then their height begins to grow and their weight increases.
Although there is a slight weight loss in the disease, it is a constant weight loss or the fact that the child’s height does not grow is a cause for concern. Parents should receive education on childcare and nutrition.
Mental retardation is when the intelligence is below average. It is usually understood by developmental and behavioral underdevelopment, as well as inadequacies in the academic field. Some mental retardation disorders, such as in species caused by hydrocephalus and phenylketonuria, can be prevented by early detection and treatment.
The cause of this ailment in many children is unknown. The severity of the disease varies from child to child. While the body movements of some children are damaged, the physical development of some of them remains normal.
Developmental delays, such as delays in keeping the head upright, may be the first indication of mental retardation. But children with moderate mental retardation follow a normal development process in the first few years of their lives. Later, speech, movement and academic skills may lag far behind their peers.
Consult your doctor if you notice signs of mental-developmental delay in your child. Since children develop at different rates, any delay should be carefully studied. It is recommended to wait and watch for some time. During this time, your doctor may perform a number of tests and medical examinations to find out if you have hearing, vision, or speech problems. As a result of these tests, mental retardation is classified as borderline personality, mild, moderate or severe (even if he needs help to do his daily work).
The most important stage of treatment for these children is education. A diagnosis of mental retardation can cause a feeling of guilt and irritability in family members. Parents want to know if their children will be able to continue their lives unaided in the future. The greatest need of the child at this stage is love and guidance.