The substance that provides milk production in the breast is a hormone called prolactin, which is secreted from the mother’s brain.
With the termination of pregnancy, the pregnancy hormones in the body decrease and the glands secreting prolactin are stimulated.
The secretion of prolactin begins to increase within a few days after birth.
The blood vessels carry the substances needed for milk production to the milk cells in the breast. With the effect of prolactin, the nipples fill with milk.
During this time, the blood vessels in the breast carry more milk, the breasts become hot and hard. As the milk starts to flow and the baby learns to suck, the tension in the breast also decreases.
Although the first milk has a yellowish color, mature milk looks more juicy than white and cow’s milk. Its color can even be bluish.
As the baby grows up, the color of breast milk changes. This is because the content of breast milk changes to meet the needs of the baby as he grows up.During breastfeeding, the baby’s mouth compresses around the mother’s nipple.
Nerves stimulated by this pressure deliver impulses to the area of the brain that is responsible for the production of prolactin. These stimuli initiate the secretion of prolactin. The more warnings come, the more prolactin is made. With each sucking of the baby, impulses sent through the nerves are transmitted to the mother’s brain. Prolactin is secreted from the brain and transmitted to the breast through the blood. The production of milk in the breast is stimulated.
Breastfeeding should be started immediately.
A mother who has given birth in a normal way should immediately make skin contact with her baby and breastfeed in the maternity ward.
Colostrum, which comes within a few days after birth, must necessarily be given to the baby.
Colostrum, also known as first mouth milk, helps the baby grow and get disease-protective proteins. It should be known that milk will not come immediately, and formula milk should not be given. If it is a false breast, it should never be used.